ALA IFRT Resolutions

Happy 2005!

There are some new developments at the American Library Association regarding RFID and privacy best practices.

The ALA Intellectual Freedome Committee (IFC) is submitting resolutions (to ALA Council? )at the upcoming mid-winter meeting. They will ratify the best practices that they created with the BISG (for background see prior entries on the topic from 7/2/2004 and 10/19/2004) and they will give the IFC Privacy subcommittee and the Office for Intellectual Freedom the mandate to continue developing best practices.

Here’s the text of the proposed resolution:


WHEREAS, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is a technology that uses various electronic devices, such as microchip tags, tag readers, computer servers, and software, to automate library transactions; and

WHEREAS, the use of RFID technology promises to improve library operations by increasing the efficiency of library transactions, reducing workplace injuries, and improving services to library users; and

WHEREAS, many libraries are adopting or in the process of adopting RFID technology to automate library circulation, inventory management, and security control; and

WHEREAS, consumers, consumer groups, librarians, and library users have raised concerns about the misuse of RFID technology to collect information on library users’ reading habits without their consent or knowledge; and

WHEREAS, protecting user privacy and confidentiality has long been an integral part of the mission of libraries; and

WHEREAS, Privacy: An Interpretation of the Library Bill of Rights states that “The American Library Association affirms that rights of privacy are necessary for intellectual freedom and are fundamental to the ethics and practice of librarianship,” and calls upon librarians “to maintain an environment respectful and protective of the privacy of all users”; and

WHEREAS, the ALA Intellectual Freedom Committee’s Privacy Subcommittee recognizes the importance of developing policies and guidelines for appropriate implementation of RFID technology in light of the profession’s commitment to preserving user privacy and its concern for preserving the trust of library users; and

WHEREAS, the ALA Intellectual Freedom Committee and the ALA Office for Information Technology Policy, recognizing the immediate need to draft privacy principles to protect and promote ALA’s values, joined with the Book Industry Study Group (BISG) to form a working group dedicated to developing a set of privacy principles to govern the use of RFID technology by all organizations and industries related to the creation, publication, distribution, and retail sale of books and their use in libraries; and

WHEREAS, the RFID working group agreed to affirm its respect for established privacy norms within and across the business, government, educational, and nonprofit spectrum, specifically acknowledging two essential privacy norms:

Data transferred among trading partners related to customer and/or patron transactions shall be used solely for related business practices and no unauthorized transaction shall be permitted.

Data related to customer and/or patron transactions shall not compromise standard confidentiality agreements among trading partners or information users; and

WHEREAS, the following RFID privacy principles were subsequently agreed to by the RFID working group:

All businesses, organizations, libraries, educational institutions and non-profits that buy, sell, loan, or otherwise make available books and other content to the public utilizing RFID technologies shall:
1) Implement and enforce an up-to-date organizational privacy policy that
gives notice and full disclosure as to the use, terms of use, and any change in
the terms of use for data collected via new technologies and processes,
including RFID.
2) Ensure that no personal information is recorded on RFID tags which,
however, may contain a variety of transactional data.
3) Protect data by reasonable security safeguards against interpretation by any
unauthorized third party.
4) Comply with relevant federal, state , and local laws as well as industry best
practices and policies.
5) Ensure that the four principles outlined above must be verifiable by an
independent audit.

Now, therefore, let it be RESOLVED, that the ALA adopt the RFID privacy principles developed by the IFC and OITP with the BISG to address concerns about the potential misuse of RFID technology in the library to collect information on library users’ reading habits without their consent or knowledge;

and be it further RESOLVED, that the ALA Intellectual Freedom Committee’s Privacy Subcommittee and the ALA Office of Information Technology Policy be directed to continue to develop implementation standards for the use of RFID technologies in the library.

Draft 01/05/05
Submitted by the Intellectual Freedom Committee

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